Alternative Asean Network on Burma
campaigns, advocacy and capacity-building for human rights


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The situation for Rohingya, often described as one of the world's most persecuted peoples, has severely deteriorated during President Thein Sein’s presidency, with a spike in hate crimes and the introduction of additional discriminatory draft laws and policies.

Pre-existing discriminatory policies against Rohingya, including restrictions on marriage and birthrates, remain in full force. Stricter enforcement of the 1982 Citizenship Law ensures most Rohingya remain stateless.

The regime has failed to prevent or investigate repeated incidents of violence against Rohingya, including possible mass atrocities that have resulted in 140,000 IDPs.

Regime security forces continue to arbitrarily arrest, beat, rape, torture, and kill Rohingya in Arakan State.

The regime has restricted aid in Arakan State, expelled the state’s biggest provider of healthcare, and limited Rohingya IDPs’ access to food, water, and sanitation. Living conditions for Rohingya have severely deteriorated as a result.

The regime denied Rohingya the right to self-identify in the 2014 nationwide census, and forced many to identify as ‘Bengali’ in a subsequent ‘citizenship assessment,’ causing widespread fear that they will be deemed ‘illegal immigrants’ and expelled. The denial of Rohingya identity also extends internationally, as the regime consistently expresses anger at the international community’s use of the term “Rohingya.”